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Black-Press Visitors to Morocco Called Pawns

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Wednesday, January 15, 2014

Envoy From Occupied "Last Colony in Africa" Sees Politics

In Milestone, Rob King to Head ESPN's News Operations

Evening News Shows Ignore Landmark Internet Ruling


BET, HuffPost BlackVoices Top Black Internet Sites in 2013

Survey: Public Cared More About Cold Snap Than Christie


Even Africans Absorb Western Misreporting of the Continent


A Click Supports Jailed Journalist Needing Medical Attention


Short Takes

George E. Curry, editor-in-chief of the National Newspaper Publishers Associatio

Envoy From Occupied "Last Colony in Africa" Sees Politics

Members of the black press who took an expenses-paid trip to Morocco last week were pawns in a politically motivated move by the Moroccan government in its dispute with the Morocco-occupied Western Sahara, a representative of the occupied region asserted to Journal-isms on Wednesday.

The occupied residents, known as Saharawis, have called themselves "the last colony in Africa."

Cloves Campbell, chairman of the NNPA, left, fields questions from the news media in R

As reported Monday, a 14-person delegation from the National Newspaper Publishers Association, representing the nation's black press, spent a week in the North African country as "part of series of no-strings attached government-sponsored trips by African American organizations to Morocco to give them a first-hand look at the country," as Cloves C. Campbell Jr., chairman of the NNPA and publisher of the Arizona Informant in Phoenix, told Journal-isms by email.

"No limitations have been placed on what we can write or discuss and we're under no obligation to write anything. This is the outgrowth of a trip Jesse Jackson took to Morocco in August during which he urged Moroccan leaders to reach out to Black organizations so that they can gain a better understanding of the country and the challenges it faces."

However, Morocco has been in a decades-long dispute in Western Sahara, a mainly desert territory whose residents are of mixed Berber, Arab and black African descent.

"By the 1300's, the Arabs ruled the region, causing conflict with the Berbers until the end of the 1600's," according to a history by the Joshua Project, a religious ministry. "The Saharawi are descendants of these two groups and their slaves. Until 1904 when Spain gained control, the Saharawi were threatened by Morocco's desire to annex the Western Sahara region. Since Spain's withdrawal in 1976, many Saharawi have fled to Algerian refugee camps, returned to the deserts, or joined the Polisario, which continues to demand independence."

The brief history also says, "There is a long-standing conflict between Morocco and the Saharawi Polisario Front. Morocco claims the Western Sahara, but Algeria sides with the Polisario, hoping to later negotiate for an outlet to the ocean. Sovereignty in the area currently remains unresolved. . . ."

The United Nations has been seeking a settlement in Western Sahara since Spain's withdrawal and the ensuing fighting between Morocco, which had "reintegrated" the territory, and the Polisario Front, supported by Algeria. The secretary general named a personal envoy for Western Sahara, Christopher Ross, to work on the dispute.

Ahmed Boukhari

In an email to Journal-isms from Africa, Ahmed Boukhari, the Polisario's representative to the U.N., told Journal-isms that Morocco's bankrolling of the black-press trip had ulterior motives.

"In my opinion [it] is a trip politically motivated and with political objectives related to Western Sahara. Morocco's credibility has been stained these last years as a consequence of human rights violations in Western Sahara," he said. "Journalists who are not well informed about what is going on in Western Sahara and sensitive to a good reception could be used as a propaganda tool. In any case, any journalist of this group could and in my opinion must be authorized by Morocco to enter into contact with Saharawi human rights defenders."

Told that the National Bar Association, a black organization, plans to travel next to the country, Boukhari was asked whether its members, too, should seek to meet with the Saharawis. "Of course for the black lawyers. They should be in a position to get in touch with the population under Morocco occupation," Boukhari wrote. The black lawyers group plans to pay its own way to Morocco as about 130 members stage their annual midwinter meeting.

Leading mainstream news organizations prohibit employees from accepting free trips from governments or other potential sources, but the black press, with its advocacy tradition, does not always follow the rules of mainstream journalism.

In September, Campbell said at a forum on coverage of Africa that his publications want to increase their coverage of the continent. He did not respond to a request for comment Wednesday night.

In Milestone, Rob King to Head ESPN's News Operations

Rob King

Rob King, a onetime newspaper graphic artist and cartoonist who moved to ESPN 10 years ago, was named Tuesday to "assume control of SportsCenter and ESPN’s news operations," ESPN President John Skipper announced.

King told Journal-isms that it was too early to discuss the significance of the move, but colleagues hailed it as a major milestone for King, who has spent time in nearly all aspects of ESPN's operation.

"It's a tremendous statement for Rob," Keith Clinkscales, who left ESPN in 2011 as senior vice president, told Journal-isms by telephone, and a "culmination of all the skills" King has amassed. "Rob will do well. He's willing to listen. He has the respect of his colleagues. Rob brings a maturity to the table. He's able to speak up about all issues, whether they involve race, gender, human. He's a good guy," and "SportsCenter" can only get better.

"SportsCenter," the jewel in ESPN's operation, is the network's most important and most-viewed programming. In the next year, ESPN plans to relaunch "SportsCenter" in DC2, its digital center, a major and expensive undertaking. King will be in charge of that.

Skipper said in his announcement that King, "SVP SportsCenter and News, will transition from the digital and print arena to oversee all of SportsCenter and our newsgathering operations. In his time with ESPN, Rob has brought his many talents to all of our editorial platforms, and is well suited to lead the future efforts of our company’s biggest sub-brand.

"Vince Doria, SVP, Director of News, who has notified us that he plans to retire in early 2015, will now report to Rob and will begin to transition his newsgathering responsibilities to Craig Bengtson, VP, Director of News, who is currently quite busy with bringing SportsCenter to Digital Center 2 later this year. Vince has elevated us immensely each day of his time with us, and his contributions deserve more time and consideration than a passing reference in a note such as this. . . stay tuned. Patrick Stiegman, VP, Editorial Digital & Print Media, will assume Rob’s previous responsibilities overseeing digital and print editorial operations reporting to John Kosner, EVP, Digital and Print Media. . . ."

King was a graphic artist and cartoonist for the Courier-Post in Cherry Hill, N.J., from 1987 to 1992 before becoming presentation editor there and then deputy managing editor at the Philadelphia Inquirer.

Arriving at ESPN in 2004, King has been senior coordinating producer; editor-in-chief of ESPN.com; vice president and editor-in-chief of ESPN digital media; senior vice president, ESPN digital and print media; and senior vice president, editorial, print and digital media. He is the son of Colbert I. King, a columnist at the Washington Post who won the 2003 Pulitzer Prize for commentary

Evening News Shows Ignore Landmark Internet Ruling

"Broadcast nightly news shows completely ignored the day's landmark court ruling striking down federal net neutrality regulations, an omission that deals a huge disservice to the public audience and a boon to the news outlets' parent corporations," Emily Arrowood wrote Tuesday for Media Matters for America.

"Net neutrality — the principle that corporate internet providers should provide equal access to content for subscribers — was dealt a serious blow the morning of January 14 when the D.C. Court of Appeals invalidated the Federal Communications Commission's requirement that providers offer equal access to online information, regardless of the source. Prior to the ruling, the FCC prevented internet providers from blocking (or slowing down access to) content in order to benefit their own business interests.

"That evening, neither NBC, CBS, nor ABC acknowledged the ruling in their evening news broadcasts.

"Here's why that's important — NBC is owned by Comcast Corporation, which bills itself as the nation's largest high-speed Internet provider. CBS' parent company is CBS Corporation, which also owns multiple sports networks and Showtime, while ABC is part of The Walt Disney Company empire, also the owner of ESPN.

"This is a huge conflict of interest for the broadcast news channels, as their parent corporations all have a vested interest in striking down net neutrality laws and promoting their own content at the expense of competitors that lack an advantage in size or Internet service. . . ."

The "PBS NewsHour" did cover the court ruling.

On her alldigitocracy.org site, Tracie Powell added, "Why journalists and journalism organizations should care: For independent or small-scale content owners, this means it will be that much harder to reach the consumers you’re targeting. For news organizations, already strapped for cash, this means now having to pay to play on the super-information highways in order to reach consumers, or worse, having your content blocked altogether because the internet service provider favors another company over yours. Advocates argue it will also stifle innovation. . . ."

BET, HuffPost BlackVoices Top Black Internet Sites in 2013

Danielle Cadet

BET Networks and HuffPost BlackVoices recorded the greatest number of unique visitors among traditional African American-oriented websites for 2013, according to figures prepared by the comScore, Inc., research company for Journal-isms.

However, both were topped by WorldStarHipHop.com, a video site that on Tuesday was a topic on "HuffPost Live!"

That show said of its subject, "WorldStarHipHop.com and other 'hood sites' are popular for their links to videos of typical neighborhood brawls. Large loyal audiences might be clicking to see who is going to win the next slap battle. But, do these sites glorify black violence?"

WorldStarHipHop.com recorded 54,138,000 U.S. unique visitors for 2013, according to comScore, followed by BET Networks at 44,551,000, and HuffPost BlackVoices at 37,341,000.

The company supplied figures for a list of sites submitted by Journal-isms.

WorldStarHipHop.com, BET Networks and HuffPost BlackVoices were followed by:

 4. MediaTakeOut.com, 33,105,000
 5. Bossip.com, 27,396,000
 6. MadameNoire.com, 24,007,000
 7. The Grio, 18,494,000
 8. The Root, 12,732,000
 9. NewsOne.com, 10,293,000
10. Essence.com, 10,253,000
11. BlackPlanet.com, 8,042,000
12. HelloBeautiful.com, 7,830,000
13. TheYBF.com, 7,646,000
14. EURWeb.com, 3,962,000
15. BlackAmericaWeb.com, 3,693,000
16. BlackEnterprise.com, 3,055,000
17. ClutchMagOnline.com, 2,941,000
18. Ebony.com, 2,711,000
19. ConcreteLoop.com, 1,485,000

BET.com focuses on entertainment and celebrity news, with more serious fare deep inside the site, while HuffPost BlackVoices offers a more general mix.

In an email, Editor Danielle Cadet, named to the post in November 2012, gave these reasons for HuffPost BlackVoices' success:

"The Black Voices team has worked hard to create content that interests our readers and promotes engagement within our community. We carve out original angles on stories that both capture the national attention — such as the Trayvon Martin case and the death of Nelson Mandela — as well as those that have slipped under the media's radar, such as diversity in fashion and our ongoing spotlight on the entrepreneurs who are changing what it means to be a black business owner. This past year, we made a major effort to listen to our audience, monitor what was happening on social networks and respond quickly to the conversation. Multicultural sites can sometimes have a tendency to stick to the same formula year after year, but we took chances and tried new things, which ultimately proved to be successful.

"Beyond our original editorial team, our bloggers also delivered incredible perspectives and stories last year, such as Olivia Cole's powerful post on the way black females are portrayed in the media, or Tiya Miles' great post on interracial dating. We look forward to highlighting even more insightful views from our audience this year.

"In 2014, the team is looking to expand our community even further on social networks, strengthen our coverage, and find innovative ways to tell new stories. We plan to use the wealth of resources we have at The Huffington Post, such as our streaming video network, HuffPost Live, and our growing international editions, to improve our user experience and create an engaging digital environment that both caters to our current audience and attracts new readers."

Survey: Public Cared More About Cold Snap Than Christie

The cover of the Jan. 20 edition of the New Yorker features "Playing in Traffic"

"The public paid far more attention to last week's cold snap than to the controversy swirling around New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie," the Pew Research Center reported on Monday.

"There also has been little short-term change in opinions about Christie: 60% say their opinion of Christie has not changed in recent days, while 16% now view him less favorably and 6% more favorably.

"The national survey by the Pew Research Center, conducted Jan. 9-12 among 1,006 adults, finds that just 18% paid very close attention to Christie's apology on Jan. 9 for the highway lane closures ordered by his aides. By contrast, 44% very closely followed news about the cold winter weather that gripped much of the U.S. and 28% tracked news about the economy. . . ."

Even Africans Absorb Western Misreporting of the Continent

"Nanjala [Nyabola] recently caused a bit of a stir with her Al Jazeera article, 'Why do Western media get Africa wrong?' Patrick Gathara, wrote from Kenya on Jan. 8 for Al Jazeera. "Reading through the piece, which was both interesting and informative, I couldn't help but wonder: Just who gets Africa right?

"Is there even such a thing as getting Africa right? From the outset, let me state that I agree with many of Nanjala's criticisms of media coverage of events on the continent.

"As she says, much of it is devoid of nuance and context and seem oblivious to what Nigerian author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie describes as the 'danger of a single story' [video] — the reductio ad absurdum of the tale of a continent of over a billion people and 54 countries, their existence, history and stories compressed into one simple, superficial, easily regurgitated cliche: 'The hopeless continent.' 'Africa rising.' 'Magical Africa.'

"However, it is not just Western media (itself a rather obtuse concept) that are guilty of reporting in this manner. African media commit many of the same sins though, given the fact that most only broadcast to discrete home audiences, it is easy for them to escape censure.

"While Africans in almost every country on the continent have the opportunity to be regularly appalled by their portrayal on CNN, Al Jazeera and BBC, it is rare that Kenyans will flip the channel to check what Nigerian journalists are reporting about them.

"This is because few African media houses are actually trying to cover the continent for the continent. Many have their hands full reporting (or not reporting) news at home and do not think of Africa so much as a story that needs to be covered, but as part of the rest of the world and take their cue on reporting it from the Western outlets.

"As South African photojournalist and film-maker Greg Marinovich notes, 'Most African media stories on Africa are from international wires.' Few have bureaus or send reporters outside their home countries, choosing to rely on the same Western reporters they delight in bashing. . . .' "

A Click Supports Jailed Journalist Needing Medical Attention

Reeyot Alemu"We could use your help with expressing solidarity — with a simple click — for an award-winning female Ethiopian journalist who is languishing in prison since 2011," Mohamed Keita, Africa advocacy coordinator for the Committee to Protect Journalists, wrote Journal-isms on Tuesday.

Referring to Reeyot Alemu, Keita said, "Her birthday is next Tuesday and CPJ, International Women's Media Foundation and Safe World for Women are trying to rally international solidarity and attention that day as she weathers harsh prison conditions (she's been denied access to adequate medical attention following a breast tumor surgery and since September, she's [been] denied visits from her fiancé, sister, relatives and friends) and pursues an international legal battle to appeal her conviction. Her case is pretty well-documented and not the least controversial.

"We are asking people to click to support our Thunderclap 'A Birthday Wish for Reeyot.

"Thunderclap is a crowd-speaking platform that helps people be heard by saying something together. If enough people support it, Thunderclap will blast out a timed Facebook post or Tweet from all your supporters, creating a wave of attention. We have already gotten 100 people to support the Thunderclap. We would like to reach 250 and possibly 500 supporters by next Tuesday. . . . "

Short Takes

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Richard Prince's Journal-isms originates from Washington and is published Monday, Wednesday and Friday. It began in print before most of us knew what the Internet was, and it would like to be referred to as a "column." For newcomers: The words in blue (on most computers) are links leading to more information. The Web site BugMeNot.com provides passwords and user names to some registration-only news sites, but use may be illegal in some states. Any views expressed in the column are those of the person or organization quoted and not those of any other entity.

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