Disproportionate Loss of Journalists of Color
Tuesday, April 3, 2012
The loss of journalists of color in newspaper and online newsrooms outstripped the decline of journalists overall in 2011, according to the annual diversity census of the American Society of News Editors, released on Wednesday.
"The total newsroom employment at daily newspapers declined by 2.4 percent in 2011, while the loss in minority newsroom positions was 5.7 percent," ASNE said. Ronnie Agnew, who co-chairs ASNE's Diversity Committee, said in announcing the results, "It's not just the numbers that are going down, there's a nuance that's going to be missed . . . with the shortage of people" lost to "this wonderful, wonderful profession."
Agnew pointed to the killing of Trayvon Martin, the unarmed Florida teenager, as an example.
"African American people are having to go to alternative media sources to get the news coverage they are looking for. It's a content issue," said Agnew, executive director of Mississippi Public Broadcasting and former executive editor of the Clarion-Ledger in Jackson, Miss.
Dori J. Maynard, president of the Maynard Institute, who attended the briefing, added the case of Jeremy Lin, the Asian American phenom for the NBA's New York Knicks. The Asian American Journalists Association published guidelines on how to report on Lin after a spate of incidents involving racially charged language at such outlets as ESPN and Fox.
"Clearly, we have work to do," Agnew said at the annual ASNE convention in Washington. "We have to reenergize the CEOs of the various journalism organizations to let them know this is a business imperative."
Although the report showed the decline in the number of journalists at newspapers has stabilized, the proportion of journalists of color has declined as their percentage of the general population has increased.
The 2012 survey counted 40,600 journalists in the newspaper and online workforces, and 5,000 journalists of color, representing 12.3 percent.
In the 2011 survey, there were 41,600 total journalists and 5,300 journalists of color, 12.7 percent.
Among Asian Americans, the count showed 1,166, a decline of 117 over 10 years.
Among black journalists, 1,886, down 993 over 10 years.
Among Hispanics, the count showed 1,650 journalists at dailies, a decline of 443 over 10 years.
Among American Indians, the figure was 132, down 175 over 10 years.
A total of 150 people checked the new "multiracial" category.
"Despite this year's loss in newsroom positions, the decline in jobs that began in 2006-07 appears to be stabilizing," ASNE said in a news release. "The loss this year is not as drastic as the losses between 2007 and 2010.
"The decline in minority newsroom employment also appears to be stabilizing. Following a decline of approximately 800 minority newsroom positions in both 2008 and 2009, the total loss over the last two years was 500 jobs. There were slight decreases in the percentage of employees in each minority category in 2011, although the census was revised this year to add a category of 'multi-racial.' "
This year, the Center for Advanced Social Research (CASR) at the Missouri School of Journalism, a unit of the Donald W. Reynolds Journalism Institute at Missouri, collected and analyzed the data along with ASNE. This is also the first year the census was conducted online, producing a response rate of 71.7 percent. The previous record was 65 percent under the postcard-and-phone call method, according to Richard Karpel, ASNE's executive director.
Since 1978, ASNE has had a goal of matching the percentage of journalists of color in newsrooms to the percentage of people of color in the population. "According to the U.S. Census, the percentage of minorities in the total U.S. population is nearing 50 percent," ASNE noted.
Agnew maintained that journalists and journalism students have a reason for optimism despite the gloomy numbers. "There will be a business model" that works, he said. "I tell the students, 'You won't have the same career that I have.' " It will be different, but "they're going to be fine."
Debra Adams Simmons, editor of the Plain Dealer in Cleveland, who also attended the briefing, said, "I see a lot of optimism and commitment in my newsroom. We have to continue to develop the young journalists of color."
- Asian American Journalists Association: Diversity Is Key to Newsrooms’ Economic Survival
- National Association of Black Journalists: Black journalists' ranks cut by nearly 1,000 in past decade
- National Association of Hispanic Journalists: Decrease of Latino Journalists Continues at U.S. Dailies
- Newspaper Association of America: Latest from the NAA blogs (See "ASNE Convention")
President Obama tells journalists that sometimes giving "equivalence" to opposing sides "reinforces I think people's cynicism about Washington generally." (White House video).
President Obama urged journalists Tuesday to resist the impulse to "suggest that if the two parties are disagreeing, then they're equally at fault and the truth lies somewhere in the middle."
On Wednesday, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, the Republican front runner, told the same audience of editors and publishers, "Frankly, in some of the new media, I find myself missing the presence of editors to exercise quality control. I miss the days of two or more sources for a story — when at least one source was actually named."
Despite those media references, each came before members of the American Society of News Editors, the Associated Press and the Newspaper Association of America, convening in Washington, primarily to lay out philosophical differences with the other party.
Molly Ball, writing Wednesday for the Atlantic, observed, "Neither man made more than glib and passing reference to his audience — executives from an industry both crucial to democracy and mired in a long-running business crisis.
". . . when it came to the changes roiling media, Romney conspicuously punted: 'How your industry will change, I cannot predict,' he said. 'But I do know this: You will continue to find ways to provide the American people with reliable information that is vital to our lives and to our nation. And I am confident that the press will remain free.'
"This sort of fatuous, feel-good optimism will be cold comfort to the thousands of reporters who have been laid off in recent years, or the bosses who have had to make the cuts — presiding over drastic downsizings and in some cases seeing news organizations disappear entirely. But at least Romney bothered to mention the state of the industry. Obama didn't even do that."
In laying out his differences with Republicans over the budget, Obama said, "I guess another way of thinking about this is — and this bears on your reporting. I think that there is oftentimes the impulse to suggest that if the two parties are disagreeing, then they're equally at fault and the truth lies somewhere in the middle, and an equivalence is presented — which reinforces I think people's cynicism about Washington generally.
"This is not one of those situations where there's an equivalence. I've got some of the most liberal Democrats in Congress who were prepared to make significant changes to entitlements that go against their political interests, and who said they were willing to do it.
After Obama's speech Tuesday, at a discussion comparing the reporting that led to the Watergate disclosures of 40 years ago with the reporting climate today, Carl Bernstein challenged audience members to answer "the real question of whether what he said is the truth."
In the Washington Post, the paper where Bernstein broke the Watergate stories with fellow reporter Bob Woodward, Glenn Kessler devoted his "The Fact Checker" column to Obama's speech. On Wednesday, Calvin Woodward of the Associated Press dissected both candidates' remarks.
- Wayne Bennett, Field Negro blog: Mitt's church and their potential race problem.
- Dana Milbank, Washington Post: Mitt Romney, talking to the press, keeps the press at a distance
- Tony Norman, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Santorum's tactics seem like big pile of ...
- Dan Pfeiffer, White House blog: Three Charts Illustrating Two Different Visions for Our Nation
- Eugene Robinson, Washington Post: Mitt Romney can’t shake away impressions he’s made
- Walter Shapiro, Columbia Journalism Review: Who Got The Fox News Vote?
Disappointed with New York University's list of "The 100 Outstanding Journalists in the U.S. in the Last 100 Years," released Monday, Unity: Journalists of Color, Inc., on Tuesday produced its own seed list of those "whose inclusion in NYU’s list would have better represented the full diversity of our country, our industry and the past century."
Mitchell Stephens, the NYU professor who coordinated the project, told Journal-isms he welcomed Unity's contribution.
"Our list, as I said at our 100th anniversary party last night, was intended to begin rather than end a conversation," Stephens said by email. "Unity's more diverse 'seed list' of impressive journalists is an interesting and important contribution to that conversation. I plan to link to it on our website, and I would hope we can find occasions — perhaps here at NYU — to discuss further with them the issues raised by their list and our list and their reaction to it."
The NYU journalism program celebrated its 100th anniversary on Tuesday.
The NYU list contained some names better known for their literary work, and included no Latinos, Asian Americans or Native Americans. Robert C. Maynard, namesake of the Maynard Institute, did not make NYU's list but was part of Unity's.
Joanna Hernandez, president of Unity, said in a news release, "We do not believe the number of top journalists can be limited to 100, so we have created a seed list. This list is by no means comprehensive, but we hope it will inspire our current and next generation of journalists.
"Here is UNITY’s seed list, from Leroy Aarons to Helen Zia."
Aarons, who died in 2004, was an executive editor of the Oakland Tribune, co-founder of the Maynard Institute and founder of the National Lesbian & Gay Journalists Association.
Zia is an author, a former executive editor of Ms. magazine and a feminist. The Asian American Journalists Association honored her in 2001 for the impact of her 2001 book, "Asian American Dreams: The Emergence of an American People," which documents Asian American struggles from the 17th century to the 20th century.
"The news media are taking on an increasingly police-like role in the Trayvon Martin slaying by using modern forensic techniques to analyze evidence, an approach some legal experts say can lead to a distorted view of the case because a lot of the key evidence is still under wraps," Curt Anderson wrote Tuesday for the Associated Press.
"The public has been whipsawed back and forth as new revelations emerge, appearing to support one version or the other.
". . . Legal and forensic experts cautioned that none of the media-led investigations, which are done in many high-profile cases, has been conclusive."
"NBC News has apologized for editing the 911 call that Trayvon Martin shooter George Zimmerman made to police on the night of Martin's death, saying it deeply regrets airing the altered version of the tape," Tim Kenneally reported Tuesday for theWrap.com.
"NBC News said that it realized that it was in error following its investigation of the broadcast.
" 'During our investigation it became evident that there was an error made in the production process that we deeply regret,' the network said in a statement provided to TheWrap. 'We will be taking the necessary steps to prevent this from happening in the future and apologize to our viewers.' "
The statement did not say where in the production process the error occurred.
" 'Today' aired the tape on March 27, altering it in such a way that could suggest Zimmerman — a neighborhood watch member in his Florida neighborhood — was racially motivated in the shooting."
- Wayne Bennett, Field Negro blog: Before there was Trayvon.
- Kevin Benz, Radio Television Digital News Association: 'Journalists, It's Time to Clean Up the Trayvon Martin Coverage'
- David Carr and Ta-Nehisi Coates with Neal Conan on "Talk of the Nation," NPR: The Trayvon Martin Story And The Media
- Ta-Nehisi Coates blog, the Atlantic: Altering the Zimmerman Tape
- HuffPost BlackVoices: CNN's Don Lemon: Don't Call Me 'Racist' For Covering Trayvon Martin (VIDEO)
- Pew Research Center for the People & the Press: Wide Racial, Partisan Gaps in Reactions to Trayvon Martin Coverage Most Republicans See 'Too Much' Coverage
- Leonard Pitts Jr., Miami Herald: Don’t rush to judgment in Trayvon case? That’s moral cowardice
- Rene Stutzman, Orlando Sentinel: Trayvon Martin facts vs. rumors
- Daniel Trotta, HuffPost BlackVoices: Trayvon Martin: Before The World Heard The Cries
- Frances Kai-Hwa Wang, chicagoistheworld.org: Lessons I do not want to teach my children – about Dharun Ravi, Trayvon Martin, Shaima Alawadi
"Nearly four decades after the United States government mandated the use of the terms 'Hispanic' or 'Latino' to categorize Americans who trace their roots to Spanish-speaking countries, a new nationwide survey of Hispanic adults finds that these terms still haven't been fully embraced by Hispanics themselves," Paul Taylor, Mark Hugo Lopez, Jessica Hamar Martínez and Gabriel Velasco reported Wednesday for the Pew Hispanic Center.
"A majority (51%) say they most often identify themselves by their family's country of origin; just 24% say they prefer a pan-ethnic label.
"Moreover, by a ratio of more than two-to-one (69% versus 29%), survey respondents say that the more than 50 million Latinos in the U.S. have many different cultures rather than a common culture. Respondents do, however, express a strong, shared connection to the Spanish language. More than eight-in-ten (82%) Latino adults say they speak Spanish, and nearly all (95%) say it is important for future generations to continue to do so."
"Sid Holt, the chief executive of the American Society of Magazine Editors, says criticisms about how few women were named as finalists for this year’s National Magazine Awards are 'kind of silly,' " Andrew Beaujon wrote Thursday for the Poynter Institute.
". . . Lots of magazines and writers didn’t become finalists, Holt says. 'It's not because that work doesn’t deserve recognition, and it's not because there's a secret cabal making the decisions. It's because magazine journalists and journalism educators from around the country, organized into 20 different committees composed of 11 to 15 judges, decided that these five stories were the best stories submitted in, say, Personal Service or Reporting. ASME respects those decisions.' " |
- Ann Friedman blog: National Magazine Award Nominees: A Byline Gender Count (With Links!)
- Alexander Nazaryan, Daily News, New York: Women can't write, says ASME: No female nominees in major categories of National Magazine Awards
"NPR is being honored by the 71st Annual George Foster Peabody Awards for an investigation into inequalities in the South Dakota foster care system for Native Americans, powerful coverage of the Arab Spring, and remembrances of 9/11 collected by StoryCorps and broadcast on Morning Edition, it was announced today," NPR said Wednesday in a news release.
"Receiving Peabody Awards are the NPR News Investigation 'Native Foster Care: Lost Children, Shattered Families,' reported by correspondent Laura Sullivan and producer Amy Walters; and NPR’s foreign desk, namely Jerusalem Correspondent Lourdes Garcia-Navarro, for extraordinary coverage of the Arab Spring in 2011."
". . . The unflinching series 'Native Foster Care,' which aired in three parts on All Things Considered in October 2011, examined how lack of knowledge about Native culture and traditions and federal financial funding all influence the decision to remove so many Native-American children from homes in South Dakota."
TVNewser noted, "Al Jazeera English won a Peabody for its coverage of the Arab Spring uprisings, and the BBC won two awards, one for a documentary examining Somalia and a second for BBC.com."
Other winners included the HBO series "Treme" and the PBS "American Experience" series, which included "Freedom Riders," a documentary based on what the Tampa Bay (Fla.) Times' Eric Deggans described as a landmark book by Ray Arsenault, a University of South Florida St. Petersburg professor.
"While most Americans say last week's Supreme Court hearings on the 2010 health care law did not change their views of the law or of the Court, they did more harm than good to the image of both," the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press reported on Monday.
"In the latest national survey by the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press and The Washington Post, conducted March 29-April 1, 2012 among 1,000 adults, nearly two-thirds (63%) say what they saw and heard about the hearings did not change their opinion of the health care law, while 23% say they now have a less favorable opinion and just 7% a more favorable opinion of it. Similarly, 65% say their view of the Supreme Court remains unchanged after the hearings, but the number who say their view of the Court has grown more negative is three times the number who say it has grown more positive (21% vs. 7%).
"These more critical reactions have a decidedly partisan cast."
- Editorial, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: What's in a name? Call it Obamacare and care not what they think
- Emil Guillermo blog: Saving Justice Kennedy's blind man and the Affordable Care Act
- Clarence Page, Chicago Tribune: Justice Kennedy's Obamacare swing vote
- Eugene Robinson, Washington Post: A stronger prescription for what ails health care
- Judith Stein, Nieman Watchdog: What’s lost if the Supreme Court kills the health care reform act?
- "The anticipated wave of layoffs at Yahoo has arrived, and it's as big as promised," Jeff Bercovici wrote Wednesday for Forbes.com. "The Sunnyvale, Calif.-based internet giant announced plans to eliminate 2,000 jobs, or about 14% of its workforce of 14,000. . . . Kara Swisher has reported that the brunt of the cuts will fall on Yahoo's products division, a unit that includes its media operations."
- "A federal judge today sentenced five former New Orleans police officers for their roles in the Danziger Bridge shootings, which occurred during the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, killing two civilians and leaving four wounded," A.C. Thompson reported Wednesday for ProPublica. "U.S. District Judge Kurt Engelhardt imposed sentences ranging from six to 65 years in prison on the former cops. . . . ProPublica, with PBS 'Frontline' and the New Orleans Times-Picayune, has been covering alleged police misconduct in New Orleans since 2008, raising questions about the department's use of force in nearly a dozen incidents that transpired in the aftermath of the hurricane."
- "NBC News president Steve Capus participated yesterday in the opening ceremony of a new facility for the Bedford Stuyvesant Family Health Center in Brooklyn, NY," Merrill Knox reported Tuesday for TVNewser. "NBC and General Electric contributed more than $500,000 to the new facility. In addition, the news division provided IT support and volunteers to help with the move over the weekend."
- "Award-winning broadcast journalist Michelle Valles has been hired by NBC4 as a weekend anchor and general assignment reporter, the station announced Wednesday," Marcus Vanderberg reported for FishbowlLA. "Valles spent 10 years as an evening and morning news anchor and reporter at NBC affiliates in Austin and El Paso."
- "Secrets hears that Fox News Channel has hired Jesse Jackson's eldest daughter, Chicago radio host Santita Jackson, as an on-air contributor. The coup is just the latest move by Fox to staff up talkers from the left and build its rep as the nation's 'fair and balanced' cable network," Paul Bedard reported Wednesday for the Washington Examiner. "She will debut Friday at 7:15 a.m. on a Fox & Friends political panel."
- Ta-Nehisi Coates, blogger for the Atlantic, won the 2012 Hillman Prize for Opinion and Analysis Journalism, the Hillman Foundation announced on Wednesday.
- ". . . Two pending cases against police departments for civil rights violations have been settled in favor of the photographers. What's not clear is what impact the settlements will have on the continuing problem of professional photojournalists being arrested for doing their jobs," Deborah Potter reported Monday for NewsLab. The cases are in Las Vegas and Boston.
- "Mumia Abu-Jamal, whose conviction in the slaying of a Philadelphia police officer became a major battleground of the 20th century's racial divide, has lost his latest appeal to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court," Michael Muskal reported Tuesday for the Los Angeles Times. "In an order dated March 26, the state high court announced that it was affirming a lower court order in the case; the lower court had rejected Abu-Jamal’s complaint that some aspects, including forensic evidence, were unfairly handled."
- "April Rabkin of Fast Company magazine has won the Osborn Elliott Prize for Excellence in Journalism on Asia from the Asia Society for a three-part series of stories illuminating how Chinese society is changing," TalkingBizNews reported Tuesday. "The stories are: 'Follow the Billionaire,' in which she profiles recycling tycoon Chen Guangbiao and his efforts to transform Chinese philanthropy, 'The Social(ist) Networks,' examining the unique role of social networking in China, and 'The People’s Education Army,' about a group of elite Beijing high school students."
- "Bloomberg TV will devote two hours to Magic Johnson Thursday night after his bidding group purchased the Los Angeles Dodgers from Frank McCourt last month," Marcus Vanderberg reported Wednesday for FishbowlLA.
- "Longtime White House reporter Helen Thomas received a prize in journalism from a representative of Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas," the Jewish Telegraphic Agency reported on Tuesday. "Thomas, 91, who was forced into retirement two years ago after making controversial remarks about Jews and Israel, was recognized for her journalism career and commitment to the Palestinian cause."
- In Los Angeles, "After much uproar by the Black Media Alliance for the lack of minority hosts on KFI AM 640, the talk radio station announced two new weekend programs featuring two minority hosts from sister Clear Channel station KTLK," Marcus Vanderberg reported Tuesday for FishbowlLA. "Producer and radio host Morris O'Kelly will host a new show on Saturdays from 6-8:00 p.m. while David Cruz will be on the airwaves Sunday from 6-8:00 p.m. Both shows will begin this weekend."
- "WFAA8 veteran Gloria Campos, who joined the Dallas-based station in 1984 and became its first Hispanic anchor, has agreed to a new contract that will make her a part-timer and include a significant salary cut," Dallas media writer Ed Bark reported Monday on his "Uncle Barky's Bytes" blog.
- "It's been redone nearly 400 times over the last 17 years, but one thing has stayed the same about ESPN's 'This is SportsCenter' advertisement: It’s always been in English," Amy Chozick reported Monday for the New York Times. "That will change on Wednesday when ESPN introduces the first Spanish television ad for the network’s signature news program."
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